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The contract is valid for payment of the insured amount during:
Among other things, the contract also provides for the payment of premium periodically
to the Corporation by the policyholder. Life insurance is universally acknowledged
to be an institution, which eliminates 'risk', substituting certainty for uncertainty
and comes to the timely aid of the family in the unfortunate event of death of the
breadwinner. By and large, life insurance is civilisation's partial solution to
the problems caused by death.
Life insurance, in short, is concerned with two hazards
that stand across the life-path of every person:
A contract of insurance is a contract of utmost good faith technically known as
uberrima fides. The doctrine of disclosing all material facts is embodied in this
important principle, which applies to all forms of insurance.
At the time of taking a policy, policyholder should ensure that all questions
in the proposal form are correctly answered. Any misrepresentation, non-disclosure
or fraud in any document leading to the acceptance of the risk would render the
insurance contract null and void.
Savings through life insurance guarantee full protection against risk of death of
the saver. Also, in case of demise, life insurance assures payment of the entire
amount assured (with bonuses wherever applicable) whereas in other savings schemes,
only the amount saved (with interest) is payable.
Life insurance encourages 'thrift'. It allows long-term savings since payments can
be made effortlessly because of the 'easy instalment' facility built into the scheme.
(Premium payment for insurance is either monthly, quarterly, half yearly or yearly).
For example: The Salary Saving Scheme popularly known as SSS, provides a convenient
method of paying premium each month by deduction from one's salary.
In this case the employer directly pays the deducted premium to LIC. The Salary
Saving Scheme is ideal for any institution or establishment subject to specified
terms and conditions.
In case of insurance, it is easy to acquire loans on the sole security of any policy
that has acquired loan value. Besides, a life insurance policy is also generally
accepted as security, even for a commercial loan.
Life Insurance is the best way to enjoy tax deductions on income tax and wealth
tax. This is available for amounts paid by way of premium for life insurance subject
to income tax rates in force.
Assessees can also avail of provisions in the law for tax relief. In such cases
the assured in effect pays a lower premium for insurance than otherwise.
A policy that has a suitable insurance plan or a combination of different plans
can be effectively used to meet certain monetary needs that may arise from time-to-time.
Children's education, start-in-life or marriage provision or even periodical
needs for cash over a stretch of time can be less stressful with the help of these
Alternatively, policy money can be made available at the time of one's retirement
from service and used for any specific purpose, such as, purchase of a house or
for other investments. Also, loans are granted to policyholders for house building
or for purchase of flats (subject to certain conditions).
Any person who has attained majority and is eligible to enter into a valid contract
can insure himself/herself and those in whom he/she has insurable interest.
Policies can also be taken, subject to certain conditions, on the life of one's
spouse or children. While underwriting proposals, certain factors such as the policyholder’s
state of health, the proponent's income and other relevant factors are considered
by the Corporation.
Prior to nationalisation (1956), many private insurance companies would offer insurance
to female lives with some extra premium or on restrictive conditions. However, after
nationalisation of life insurance, the terms under which life insurance is granted
to female lives have been reviewed from time-to-time.
At present, women who work and earn an income are treated at par with men. In other
cases, a restrictive clause is imposed, only if the age of the female is up to 30
years and if she does not have an income attracting Income Tax.
Life insurance is normally offered after a medical examination of the life to be
assured. However, to facilitate greater spread of insurance and also to avoid inconvenience,
LIC has been extending insurance cover without any medical examination, subject
to certain conditions.
An insurance policy can be 'with' or 'without' profit. In the former, bonuses disclosed,
if any, after periodical valuations are allotted to the policy and are payable along
with the contracted amount.
In 'without' profit plan the contracted amount is paid without any addition. The
premium rate charged for a 'with' profit policy is therefore higher than for a 'without'
Keyman insurance is taken by a business firm on the life of key employee(s) to protect
the firm against financial losses, which may occur due to the premature demise of